La précarité des Conditions de logement, d’hygiène et de l’état de Santé des Travailleurs Africains en France entre 1960 et 1986 : cas des 25 foyers des Mauritaniens, Sénégalais et Maliens de Paris et de la petite couronne
This article is based on a scientific communication presented in 1992 in Bamako at the International Scientific Conference of the 10th anniversary of the creation of the National Institute for Research in Public Health (INRSP, the current INRS).
The paper dealt with housing conditions, sanitation and their consequences on the heath of Soninké workers from Mauritania, Senegal and Mali living in foyer- lodging in the Paris region. It collected data from a sample size of 10 360 people in 25 foyers between 1981 and 1985 in Paris. Data was part of a doctorate thesis in Paris, France. Survey questionnaire, interviews and observation notes were used to collect the data.
One of the merits of our study has been to demonstrate the validity of our conclusion and our recommendations. These questions are part of current affairs and of a certain political and economic discourses against illegal migration and its various demographic, human, social and economic consequences towards Europe.
The description and analysis of the housing, living and health conditions of black migrants in France have shown that these (conditions) are part of the ways and means of combating migration to Europe and elsewhere. This, more so, since the African blacks surveyed were mainly made up of regular immigrants.
The objective of the present work was to: Contribute to take cognizance of housing and sanitation conditions in which African workers from the region of Sénégal River live in France.
The obtained results showed that the 10360 residents had 2.888 dormitories. About an average of 3.5 adults per room in which a resident rarely had 3 square meters. According to the data obtained, the residents had on an average one toilet and one shower for ten persons.
As far as health is concerned, tuberculosis falls yearly on an average of 10 per cent African workers in France versus 2 for 1000 in Mali, one for 1000 in Chana and 00, 55% in the hexagon.
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